Thursday, January 26, 2017

"Fedora" Checking Internet Connection

"Microsoft" Checking Internet Connection

This is The IP :

How to install Web Server on Fedora

Installing Apache
su -c 'dnf group install "Web Server"'
This command installs the entire Web Server package group.
The group includes other commonly used tools such as:
*PHP and Perl support
*The squid caching proxy
Traffic analysis tools If for some reason you don’t want these helpful packages,
you can install the web server by itself. 
Use this command:
su -c 'dnf install httpd'
Configuring the Firewall 
su -c 'firewall-cmd --add-service=http --add-service=https --permanent' su -c 'firewall-cmd --reload'
su -c 'firewall-cmd --add-service=http --add-service=https'

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Coding Faster with Emmet

Emmet is a plugin for many popular text editors which
greatly improves HTML & CSS workflow:

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Connect GNS3 to the Internet "No ROOT"

The Idea Here is by making "TUN/TAP device { tap0 }" for your normal user.
root@temp:~# ip tuntap add dev tap0 mode tap user user group user
Then add it to one of our existing bridges:
root@temp:~# brctl addif virbr0 tap0
Last step make the state to up:
root@temp:~# ip link set tap0 up
And start GNS3 as Normal user Add Cloud to the Map , go to the tab "NIO TAP" and add our previously created.
Thanks To Source

Note : You Should Have " virbr0 " Bridge

Sunday, January 15, 2017

Sending raw Ethernet packets from a specific interface in C on Linux

Lately austinmarton’ve been writing some code to send packets to a specific MAC address from a specific interface. He is sure this will come in handy again so here is how it goes:

Continue Reading ..

Source :

* This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <linux/if_packet.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <netinet/ether.h>
#define MY_DEST_MAC0 0x00
#define MY_DEST_MAC1 0x00
#define MY_DEST_MAC2 0x00
#define MY_DEST_MAC3 0x00
#define MY_DEST_MAC4 0x00
#define MY_DEST_MAC5 0x00
#define DEFAULT_IF "eth0"
#define BUF_SIZ 1024
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
int sockfd;
struct ifreq if_idx;
struct ifreq if_mac;
int tx_len = 0;
char sendbuf[BUF_SIZ];
struct ether_header *eh = (struct ether_header *) sendbuf;
struct iphdr *iph = (struct iphdr *) (sendbuf + sizeof(struct ether_header));
struct sockaddr_ll socket_address;
char ifName[IFNAMSIZ];
/* Get interface name */
if (argc > 1)
strcpy(ifName, argv[1]);
strcpy(ifName, DEFAULT_IF);
/* Open RAW socket to send on */
if ((sockfd = socket(AF_PACKET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_RAW)) == -1) {
/* Get the index of the interface to send on */
memset(&if_idx, 0, sizeof(struct ifreq));
strncpy(if_idx.ifr_name, ifName, IFNAMSIZ-1);
if (ioctl(sockfd, SIOCGIFINDEX, &if_idx) < 0)
/* Get the MAC address of the interface to send on */
memset(&if_mac, 0, sizeof(struct ifreq));
strncpy(if_mac.ifr_name, ifName, IFNAMSIZ-1);
if (ioctl(sockfd, SIOCGIFHWADDR, &if_mac) < 0)
/* Construct the Ethernet header */
memset(sendbuf, 0, BUF_SIZ);
/* Ethernet header */
eh->ether_shost[0] = ((uint8_t *)&if_mac.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data)[0];
eh->ether_shost[1] = ((uint8_t *)&if_mac.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data)[1];
eh->ether_shost[2] = ((uint8_t *)&if_mac.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data)[2];
eh->ether_shost[3] = ((uint8_t *)&if_mac.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data)[3];
eh->ether_shost[4] = ((uint8_t *)&if_mac.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data)[4];
eh->ether_shost[5] = ((uint8_t *)&if_mac.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data)[5];
eh->ether_dhost[0] = MY_DEST_MAC0;
eh->ether_dhost[1] = MY_DEST_MAC1;
eh->ether_dhost[2] = MY_DEST_MAC2;
eh->ether_dhost[3] = MY_DEST_MAC3;
eh->ether_dhost[4] = MY_DEST_MAC4;
eh->ether_dhost[5] = MY_DEST_MAC5;
/* Ethertype field */
eh->ether_type = htons(ETH_P_IP);
tx_len += sizeof(struct ether_header);
/* Packet data */
sendbuf[tx_len++] = 0xde;
sendbuf[tx_len++] = 0xad;
sendbuf[tx_len++] = 0xbe;
sendbuf[tx_len++] = 0xef;
/* Index of the network device */
socket_address.sll_ifindex = if_idx.ifr_ifindex;
/* Address length*/
socket_address.sll_halen = ETH_ALEN;
/* Destination MAC */
socket_address.sll_addr[0] = MY_DEST_MAC0;
socket_address.sll_addr[1] = MY_DEST_MAC1;
socket_address.sll_addr[2] = MY_DEST_MAC2;
socket_address.sll_addr[3] = MY_DEST_MAC3;
socket_address.sll_addr[4] = MY_DEST_MAC4;
socket_address.sll_addr[5] = MY_DEST_MAC5;
/* Send packet */
if (sendto(sockfd, sendbuf, tx_len, 0, (struct sockaddr*)&socket_address, sizeof(struct sockaddr_ll)) < 0)
printf("Send failed\n");
return 0;